how to install linux
Linux

How To Install Linux Step-By-Step

How To Install Linux? By Video

Before we dig into how to install Linux lets review what We’ve talked about choosing the best Linux distro that fits your need on this post

Best Linux Distro

and hope you choose the one that is suitable for you

If you want to install Linux there are 2 ways to do that

First way is to download the Linux distribution you want and burn it to a DVD or USB stick and boot your machine with it and complete the installation process

The second way is to install it virtually on a virtual machine like VirtualBox or VMware and continue working on your windows or mac system without rebooting so your Linux system will be contained in a window you can minimize it and continue working on your system.

For me I prefer VirtualBox it’s a free and runs fast on my PC than VMware and natively support installing windows Linux mac OS with all versions

Let’s choose any Linux distro and install it using both 2 ways

Ok I’m going to choose Linux mint they call it the mac os of Linux

It is good distro for laptops and desktops for personal use

The version we are going to install is 18.1 “Serena” at the time of writing that article.

Go to this link and download it

https://www.linuxmint.com/download.php

I prefer Cinnamon desktop version it is promising and elegant

Once you download the iso file you will have to burn it on DVD or the easy way copying it on USB stick using a program called universal USB installer from that link

https://www.pendrivelinux.com/universal-usb-installer-easy-as-1-2-3/

After downloading the program open it and choose from the list the distro you want to install in our case Linux mint and make sure you put your memory stick on the computer and click next and wait till copying process is finished.

how to install linux using usb
how to install Linux using USB

how to install linux mint

install linux choose iso

Now Finally we click create to create bootable USB

create bootable usb install linux

And now you can boot with this memory stick

Then Restart you PC and go to BIOS settings  and select boot options and make sure the USB is the first one then it will show the installation screen press Enter it will load the live CD content which is on the USB or DVD

boot linux

install linux boot menu

Then desktop will appear like that

linux boot complete

Click install Linux mint

Then choose the language used for installation

choose language

install third party

Then choose the installation type and TAKE CARE if you are installing Linux on a disk that contains another system you MUST choose the option called something else

delete partitions

But if you installing it on new disk choose the option Erase disk

Linux requires 2 partitions to work on root partition and swap partition

Now we will create them by clicking the plus button and choose about 12 GB or more as you need but not less than that for root partition and choose mount type as / which stands for root and of course format will be Ext4

linux create partitions

Now we create swap partition choose the remaining free space and click the plus button and choose swap area as shown

create root partition

choose free space

Then Create swap area

create swap area

Then click install now and agree about writing changes to disk

click install linux

confirm install

Now you choose the time zone and click continue the choose the language

choose timezone

choose linux language

Now you write your username and password and click continue

choose username

Finally, installation started

linux installlation started

After finishing installation it will prompt you to reboot the machine and remove the installation media DVD or USB

linux installation finished

And yes this is how to install Linux on Physical machine

linux welcome screen

linux start menu

The second way it to install Linux is to install it on VirtualBox First download VirtualBox from here

https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

Then install it easy steps then

there are 2 ways to use Linux on VirtualBox

The first way is easy it like the normal installation process

Open VirtualBox and click new and choose Linux and ubuntu 64

linux virtualbox create vm

Then choose the RAM required not less than 1 GB and choose the disk file type or leave it as VDI and dynamically allocated and the size not less than 12 GB and hit ok

linux virtualbox assign ram

linux virtualbox hdd type

linux virtualbox hdd file

linux virtualbox dynamic allocated
Then file location for disk to be used

linux virtualbox hdd size

So now the VirtualBox is created we just need to make it boot from the DVD we’ve downloaded

Choose from settings > Storage and choose the iso image and click ok.

linux virtualbox settings
Then choose the iso image
linux virtualbox boot iso
Then Click start

linux virtualbox start

After loading the desktop click install Linux mint and the rest of the steps are as the mentioned above without any change And this is how to install Linux on a virtual machine.